Spanish Grammar Rules

Language probably won’t have been your preferred subject in secondary school, however when learning Spanish, sentence structure is without a doubt your companion! Getting a handle on a portion of these essential syntax rules will give you a superior, in general comprehension of the Spanish language and a decisive advantage over your street to acing it.

Spanish Word Order Abogado Spagna

You’re in karma since word request in Spanish is substantially more adaptable than in English. The word request of a Spanish sentence is as essential as:

subject + action word + rest of sentence

Model:

Juan corre en el parque. → Juan runs in the recreation center.

Notwithstanding, though in English, “Juan runs in the recreation center” is the main linguistically worthy sentence, in Spanish, the entirety of the accompanying sentences are satisfactory:

Corre Juan en el parque. (action word + subject + rest of sentence)

En el parque Juan corre. (rest of sentence + subject + action word)

Corre en el parque Juan. (action word + rest of sentence + subject)

Word Order when Forming Questions in Spanish

Correspondingly, when framing inquiries in Spanish, the structure can be entirely adaptable. In the entirety of the models underneath, the significance of the sentences is the equivalent, “Is Carlos a legal advisor?”

¿Carlos es abogado?

¿Es Carlos abogado?

¿Es abogado Carlos?

Note: Spanish inquiries consistently start with an upset question mark.

At the point when we include question words like, dónde (where), cuándo (when), qué (what) and por qué (why), they generally remain close to the action word in the sentence. Be that as it may, the remainder of the sentence structure, including where the subject goes, stays adaptable. Take a gander at the models beneath:

¿Dónde están mis llaves? → Where are my keys.

Mis llaves, ¿dónde están? → My keys, where right?

Customary Verbs in Spanish

Action words may be the absolute most significant focal point of the Spanish language as there are such huge numbers of approaches to communicate one thought simply through action word utilization and conjugation. This makes the Spanish the language both expressive and wonderful, yet additionally precarious for the Spanish amateur. Not to stress however! Underneath you will locate a fundamental breakdown of how action words work.

Infinitives

Every customary action word have an infinitive structure that closes in either – ar, – er or – ir.

Model:

hablar → to talk

comer → to eat

escribir → to compose

Conjugations

These action words are then conjugated dependent regarding the matter and tense of the sentence. The – ar, – er and – ir finishing is dropped and you are left with the base type of the action word, to which you at that point include the relating finishing.

Model:

hablar (infinitive structure) = habl (base structure) = Yo hablo (I talk)

Presently, support yourself – there are 32 tenses (counting both characteristic and subjunctive) in Spanish, while English has just 13. Be that as it may, not to stress, you will just use about portion of these tenses all the time.

Reflexive Verbs in Spanish

Reflexive action words are utilized when the article and subject are a similar individual. At the end of the day, the individual doing the activity is a similar individual accepting it. Albeit reflexive action words don’t exist in English, the idea does, as we have the articulations myself, yourself, himself herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves. Reflexive infinitive structures consistently have “se” attached onto the finish of them to communicate that the reflexive pronoun must be utilized while conjugating.

Infinitive Forms of Reflexive Verbs

bañarse → to wash oneself

ponerse → to put on oneself

cepillarse → to brush

Reflexive Pronouns

me → myself

te → yourself

se → himself/herself

nos → ourselves

os → yourselves (Spain)

se → themselves/yourselves (Latin America)

Instances of Conjugated Reflexive Verbs

Me baño. → I wash myself.

Me pongo los zapatos. → I put on my shoes (on myself).

Me cepillo los dientes. → I brush my teeth (on myself).

Most reflexive action words can likewise be utilized in their non-reflexive structure which can change the significance.

Model:

cuidar an alguien – to deal with somebody

cuidarse – to deal with oneself

Me cuido bien. → I take great consideration of myself.

Cuido a mis hijos. → I deal with my kids.

Sexual orientation in Spanish

In Spanish, all things have a sexual orientation – either manly or female. For English speakers, who have never managed the sexual orientation of things in their mom language, it very well may be somewhat dubious to respond to the inquiry, is that thing ladylike or manly? To help make the procedure simpler, there are some essential principles to follow.

Recollect that all things are communicated utilizing the clear article that matches in sex and number.

el → particular manly article

la → particular ladylike article

los → plural manly article

las → plural ladylike article

Models:

el perro → the male canines

los perros → the male canines

la gata → the female feline

las gatas → the female felines

General guidelines to follow when attempting to make sense of the sexual orientation of a thing:

Most things that end in “o” are manly and things that end in “an” are ladylike.

la plateau → the table

el vaso → the glass

el gato/la gata → male/female feline

el abuelo/la abuela → granddad/grandma

For individuals and creatures, you should change the closure of the thing to coordinate the sexual orientation of the individual or creature you are discussing.

la (letra) “b” → the (letter) “b”

el 24 de abril → the 24th of april

Letters of the letter set are female while numbers and dates are manly

el lunes, el martes, el miercoles → Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday

enero, febrero, marzo → January, February, March

Days of the week are manly while months are typically communicated without an unequivocal article (note: neither days of the week or months are promoted in Spanish)

Modifiers in Spanish

Spanish speakers are exceptionally graphic and in this way, it is imperative to be acquainted with the right utilization of modifiers in Spanish. There are two key standards that you should recall:

Descriptors come after the thing that they change. This is not the same as English where the descriptive word precedes.

Model:

La casa antigua tiene 100 años. → The old house is 100 years of age.

Descriptors must concur in sexual orientation and in number with the thing they are adjusting.

Model:

Los platos blancos. → The white plates.

La nina alta. → The tall young lady.

Decisive Adjectives in Spanish

When learning another dialect, new jargon is obtained after some time. Hence, knowing some fundamental definite descriptive words in Spanish can assist you with overcoming a circumstance where you don’t have the foggiest idea or have overlooked a word.

este/esta/estos/estas → this, these

ese/esa/esos/esas → that, those (things that are close in separation or time to you)

aquel/aquella/aquellos/aquellas → that, those (things that are far in separation or time to you)

Models:

¿Cuánto cuesta estos? → How much do these cost?

Estos child mios. → These are mine.

¿Puedo ver esa camisa? → Can I see that shirt?

Aquel día, estaba muy feliz. → That day I was extremely glad.

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